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2017-2018 Border Health Status Report to the Legislature

Diabetes


The border counties, particularly Imperial County, have among the highest diabetes rates in the State of California. Risk factors for type 2 diabetes, such as obesity and a lack of physical activity are preventable and should be the focus of diabetes primary prevention programs. In the U.S. and California, Hispanic/Latino individuals, African- Americans, American-Indians and Pacific Islanders have a higher risk of type 2 diabetes (CDC, 2017).

According to CHIS data from 2016-2017, 9% of adults in San Diego County had ever been diagnosed with diabetes, as compared with 18% in Imperial County and 10% in California (CHIS, 2016-2017) (Fig. 3.1).??

Differences in race/ethnicity existed among adults diagnosed with diabetes in the California border region. The Latino population had a consistently higher rate of diabetes than the White population. In San Diego County, 11% of Latinos and 8% of Whites had ever been diagnosed with diabetes. Meanwhile in Imperial County, 19% of Latinos and 13% of Whites had ever been diagnosed with diabetes. The same was true for California, where 12% of Latinos and 8% Whites had ever been diagnosed with diabetes (Fig. 3.2) (CHIS, 2016-2017).  

Compared with females, a higher percent of males had been diagnosed with diabetes in the border region and in California. In San Diego County, 10% of males had ever been diagnosed with diabetes, as compared with 7% of females. In Imperial County, 20% of males had ever been diagnosed with diabetes, as compared with 17% of females. In California statewide, 11% of males had ever been diagnosed, as compared with 9% of females (Fig. 3.3) (CHIS, 2016-2017).
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